The University Record, October 2, 2000

Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award

Pallab K. Bhattacharya, Linda Gregerson, Regina Morantz-Sanchez, Michael Marletta and David Ginsburg

Pallab Bhattacharya

Pallab Bhattacharya, the James R. Mellor Professor of Engineering, is an eminent scholar with an outstanding international reputation in solid state electronics who has made pioneering contributions in the fields of optoelectronics, compound semiconductors, and high frequency electronics. He has had a major impact on the devices and circuits key to high-speed optical communication and high-speed computer interfaces.

Combining physics with materials science, Professor Bhattacharya was one of the first to observe and characterize self-assembly in a semiconductor system, which is now widely employed in realizing quantum dot lasers with low threshold currents—a discovery that has become a basis for an entirely new area within optoelectronics.

Professor Bhattacharya was the first to demonstrate microwave performance in an indium phosphide-based high-electron mobility transistor, which has become the amplifier of choice in all microwave communication systems. He also has developed ultra-low crosstalk 16-channel optoelectronic integrated-circuit receivers with the highest speed and bandwidth capability available, which has had a tremendous impact on high-speed, high-capacity optical communication systems.

Professor Bhattacharya directed the Solid State Electronic Laboratory for seven years and during that time his dynamic leadership fostered strong growth in the University’s research activities in this critical area.

Since joining the College of Engineering faculty in 1984, Professor Bhattacharya has developed innovative courses in optoelectronics. His textbook on semiconductor optoelectronics is used in many universities. He also has published more than 350 articles, made more than 250 conference presentations, and has directed several multi-million dollar programs. Forty-one students have received their doctoral degrees under Professor Bhattacharya’s supervision, and he also has mentored a number of post-doctoral fellows, helping them to develop their own research careers.

He contributes to the profession by serving on committees, chairing conference sessions, and serving as editor of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Transactions on Electron Devices, the most prestigious publication in the field. Professor Bhattacharya’s stature has been recognized with many honors, including the IEEE-Laser and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) Engineering Achievement Award and the International Society of Optical Engineering Technology Achievement Award; he was named a Distinguished Lecturer by the IEEE-LEOS. He is a former John Simon Guggenheim Fellow and a Fellow of the IEEE and of the Optical Society of America. He also won the S.S. Attwood Award, the highest award given by the College of Engineering.

For his pioneering research in solid state electronics, his scholarship and teaching in optoelectronics, and his service to his profession and to the University as director of the Solid State Electronics Laboratory, the University of Michigan proudly confers upon Pallab Bhattacharya its Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award.

David Ginsburg

David Ginsburg, an international leader in the study of hereditary disorders, pioneered the branch of hematology focusing on the genetics of von Willebrand’s disease and other bleeding and clotting diseases. A brilliant scientist, he applies innovative, technically challenging approaches to investigate fundamental mechanisms of human diseases.

Beginning with the cloning of the von Willebrand factor (VWF) gene, Dr. Ginsburg and his colleagues have defined numerous genetic mutations in the VWF gene, enabling physicians to provide early detection and prenatal diagnosis to families at risk. Dr. Ginsburg has advanced understanding of how abnormalities in the clotting process contribute to heart attacks and strokes, and how proteins, including clotting factors, are transported within and out of cells.

Dr. Ginsburg’s group cloned the plasminogen activator inhibitor gene. He also pioneered the use of molecular biologic tools for the detection of minimum residual disease in leukemia and lymphoma, which has led to an entirely new field of investigation, potentially permitting more targeted therapy based on identifying disease levels that previously were undetectable.

Dr. Ginsburg, who joined the Medical School faculty in 1985, holds joint appointments in the departments of Internal Medicine and Human Genetics. He is the Warner-Lambert/Parke Davis Professor of Medicine, chief of the Division of Medical Genetics, and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator.

A dynamic lecturer, Dr. Ginsburg’s relaxed nature, funny but engaging examples, real-life experiences, and ability to facilitate group interaction make his seminars a pleasure for students. Dr. Ginsburg promotes the career interests of everyone in the laboratory, including undergraduates who seek his advice about what fields to enter and which schools to attend. He has co-authored or edited two important classroom texts, Principles of Medical Genetics and Hematology of Infancy and Childhood, both published in 1998.

Dr. Ginsburg has served on a number of scientific advisory panels for the National Institutes of Health, the American Society of Hematology and the International Society of Thrombosis and Hemostasis. He publishes in top journals and is deputy editor of the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

Recently elected to the Institute of Medicine, Dr. Ginsburg is a member of the American College of Medical Genetics and the American Society of Hematology. He is also president-elect of the American Society of Clinical Investigation.

For his pioneering work in hematology and genetics; his leadership in the Medical School and scientific community; and his dynamic teaching of undergraduate, graduate and medical students, the University of Michigan presents to David Ginsburg its Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award.

Linda Gregerson

A nationally recognized poet, Linda Gregerson brings the attention to tone and form that distinguishes her poetry to every aspect of her academic life—to her work as a Renaissance scholar, to her teaching and advising, and to her administrative responsibilities.

As a poet, Professor Gregerson takes on the largest subjects and deals with them with passion and honesty. Her second book of poetry, The Woman Who Died in Her Sleep, was a 1997 finalist for both the Poets Prize and the Academy of American Poets’ Lenore Marshall Prize for the best book of poetry published in the United States. Her individual poems have appeared in leading publications, including Poetry, Antaeus, The Atlantic Monthly, The Yale Review, Ploughshares, Partisan Review, and New England Review, and her creativity has been recognized with numerous awards. These include the Consuelo Ford Award from the Poetry Society of America, the Levinson Prize from Poetry magazine, a Creative Artists Grant from the Arts Foundation of Michigan, an Ingram Merrill Grant, two fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts, a Pushcart Prize, and, most recently, a Guggenheim Fellowship.

In addition to being a poet, she is an influential critic of contemporary poetry and scholar of Renaissance literature. Her major Renaissance study, The Reformation of the Subject: Spenser, Milton, and the English Protestant Epic, skillfully explores the conflict between the aesthetic and ideological aspects of the English Renaissance epic. She has published more than two dozen essays on Renaissance literature and contemporary poetry.

Professor Gregerson skillfully teaches a wide range of courses, including classes in creative writing, poetry, prose fiction, drama and contemporary literature, as well as medieval and Renaissance literature. She has served on more than 40 doctoral and master of fine arts committees.

Since joining the faculty in 1987, Professor Gregerson has provided exemplary service to her department and to the University. She has served as an assistant editor of Michigan Quarterly Review and has been elected to the Department of English Executive Committee three times. As director of the Master of Fine Arts Program in Creative Writing, she has heightened its national recognition by expanding its interdisciplinary and community outreach programs, bringing Nobel Prize-winning writers to campus as part of the Visiting Writers Program, and through ambitious fundraising. Professor Gregerson also has been a faculty associate in the Institute for the Humanities and Early Modern Studies; a Hopwood Awards judge; a member of the executive boards of the Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies, the International Institute, and the Advanced Study Center; and chief marshal at University convocations and commencements.

In recognition of Professor Gregerson’s luminous poetry and her diverse and distinguished record of scholarship, teaching, and service, the University of Michigan is pleased to present to Linda Gregerson its Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award.

Michael A. Marletta

Working at the interfaces of chemistry, biology and medicine, Michael A. Marletta, the John G. Searle Professor of Medicinal Chemistry in the College of Pharmacy, professor of biological chemistry in the Medical School, Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, and winner of this year’s State of Michigan’s Scientist of the Year Award, has made significant advances in our understanding of how nitric oxide is produced in the body and used as a signaling molecule in cardiovascular, neural, and immune systems.

His 1985 discovery of the nitric oxide pathway in macrophages, the immune-system cells that attack invading organisms, is a classic piece of biochemical detective work, and has led to an explosion in nitric oxide research. Understanding the role of nitric oxide already has resulted in medical advances, including treatments for infants with pulmonary hypertension.

As a teacher of undergraduate and graduate students and professional pharmacy students, Professor Marletta is known for his unbounded enthusiasm and clear and well-prepared lectures. He demonstrates, by example, the importance of bringing research to the classroom and its relevancy to quality instruction at all levels. Professor Marletta was the first to include the subject of recombinant DNA in the teaching of pharmacy students. Students and postdoctoral associates excel in his laboratory. Twelve Michigan students have completed their Ph.D.s under his guidance.

Professor Marletta publishes in prestigious chemistry and biochemistry journals and serves on the editorial boards of the top journals in his field. He lectures nationally and internationally on his research, and his ability to communicate science more generally was recognized by an invitation to the Chautauqua Institution. The high regard in which he is held is reflected in his selection to receive a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship, the George H. Hitchings Award for Innovative Methods in Drug Discovery and Design, and the University’s Distinguished Faculty Lectureship Award in Biomedical Research, as well as his election to the Institute of Medicine.

A member of the College of Pharmacy faculty since 1987 and the Medical School since 1989, Professor Marletta has served on numerous committees in both schools and has been actively involved with the Department of Chemistry in LS&A. Professor Marletta is a member of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute Dean’s Advisory Committee in the Medical School and chair of the Biological Sciences Scholars Program Recruitment Committee. He has made significant contributions to the well-being of the University as a member of the Provost’s Faculty Advisory Committee, the Life Sciences Commission and the Life Sciences Advisory Committee.

For the originality of his research and discoveries regarding nitric oxide, his excellent teaching and mentoring, and the leadership and insight he provides, the University of Michigan presents to Michael A. Marletta its Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award.

Regina Morantz-Sanchez

Since the early 1970s, Regina Morantz-Sanchez, the pre-eminent scholar of the history of American women in medicine, has reshaped how scholars examine the history of women and of medicine through her research, writing, and teaching.

Her prize-winning first book, Sympathy and Science, published in 1985, broke new ground in studying the role of women in the medical profession from the Colonial period through the 20th century. By focusing not only on philosophical and professional debates among women doctors during different time periods, but also on comparing actual treatment modalities, she exploded many of the myths circulating about women doctors—for instance, that they always used less invasive techniques in treating disease than male doctors. She did find differences, but they were usually more subtle. Analyzing historically the contrasting opportunities and practices of men and women doctors as well as those among women doctors of different generations and eras, Professor Morantz-Sanchez helped create a new field of inquiry—the social history of medicine—while also contributing a large body of impressive scholarship to the fledgling field of women’s history.

Her recently published Conduct Unbecoming A Woman offers an informed gender and social analysis of two trials involving gynecological surgeon Mary Dixon Jones. Accused of manslaughter in the 1890s, Dr. Jones sued a Brooklyn newspaper for libel. Understanding the trials as prisms through which many late 19th-century tensions were refracted, Professor Morantz-Sanchez shows how the litigation expressed anxieties that accompanied America’s transition to modernity. The book is a page-turner—a testament to Professor Morantz-Sanchez’s belief that historians should reach beyond the academy to a larger public audience.

In the classroom, Professor Morantz-Sanchez, the winner of an LS&A Excellence in Education Award in 1998, combines sharp critical thinking with openness to multiple perspectives. She addresses multicultural and gender issues with tact and frankness. Professor Morantz-Sanchez also has created or redesigned a number of challenging courses, including a first-year seminar on the history of race, class, and gender in America, and a course focusing on the history of the family in America.

Since joining the Department of History in 1994, Professor Morantz-Sanchez has helped shape the future of her department and the University through her leadership on numerous faculty search committees in history and American culture.

Nationally, Professor Morantz-Sanchez has served on the editorial boards of the leading journals of medical history and Gender and History, now housed at the Institute for Research on Women and Gender. She won a research award from the Institute in 1999.

For her scholarly breakthroughs in medical history and gender studies, her curricular contributions and superb teaching, and her leadership in recruiting outstanding faculty to the Department of History and other departments, the University of Michigan proudly confers upon Regina Morantz-Sanchez its Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award.