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Updated 11:00 AM March 8, 2004
 

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  Research
Surgery safer at teaching hospitals


Having a less experienced surgical resident or even a medical student involved in complex surgical procedures may cause some patients to feel uneasy.

But a new study by U-M Health System researchers found patients undergoing complex gastrointestinal surgery at teaching hospitals are less likely to die or experience complications than patients at non-teaching hospitals, primarily because teaching hospitals tend to perform these surgeries more often.

The study, published last month in the Archives of Surgery, looked at 6,685 people who underwent surgery in 1996 or 1997 to remove part or all of their esophagus, pancreas or liver. The researchers compared death rates and length of hospital stay for teaching hospitals with those from non-teaching hospitals by looking at patient data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, which tracks 20 percent of all hospital discharges in the United States.

Death rates overall for the three procedures were less than 10 percent. But patients undergoing pancreatic resections at non-teaching hospitals were more than twice as likely to die following surgery compared to patients at teaching hospitals. Patients undergoing liver resection incurred an 8 percent mortality at non-teaching hospitals, compared with 5.3 percent at teaching hospitals. Patients undergoing esophageal resection fared slightly better at teaching hospitals, with a 7.7 percent death rate, compared with 10.2 percent at non-teaching hospitals.

Similarly, patients were less likely to have lengthy hospital stays at teaching hospitals, suggesting fewer complications from surgery, the study found. Patients who had their esophageal or liver surgery at a non-teaching hospital were 30 percent more likely to have prolonged hospital stays.

"One of the fears that many people have is that going to a teaching hospital with medical students and residents might hinder their care because the attending physicians have to teach rather than perform surgery. This study showed that perception is completely wrong," says study author Dr. Gilbert Upchurch, assistant professor in the Section of Vascular Surgery in the Department of Surgery.

"Undergoing surgery at teaching hospitals is perhaps more safe than at non-teaching hospitals because of the increased volumes of complex cases seen at these centers," Upchurch says.

In addition to Upchurch, study authors included Drs. Justin Dimick, John Cowan and Lisa Colletti, all of the Department of Surgery.

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